Know About Cancer

Cancer Symptoms

Breast cancer

Symptoms of breast cancer include a lump in the breast, bloody discharge from the nipple and changes in the shape or texture of the nipple or breast.

Prostate cancer

Symptoms include difficulty with urination, but sometimes there are no symptoms at all.

Basal cell cancer

This cancer typically appears as a white waxy lump or a brown scaly patch on sun-exposed areas, such as the face and neck.

Melanoma

Symptoms might include a new, unusual growth or a change in an existing mole. Melanomas can occur anywhere on the body.

Colon cancer

Colorectal cancer symptoms depend on the size and location of the cancer. Some commonly experienced symptoms include changes in bowel habits, changes in stool consistency, blood in the stool and abdominal discomfort.

Lung cancer

Symptoms include cough (often with blood), chest pain, wheezing and weight loss. These symptoms often don't appear until the cancer is advanced.

Leukemia

Many patients with slow-growing types of leukaemias don't have symptoms. Rapidly growing types of leukaemia may cause symptoms that include fatigue, weight loss, frequent infections and easy bleeding or bruising.

Lymphoma

Symptoms include enlarged lymph nodes, fatigue and weight loss.

Foods That Increase Cancer Risk

  • 1 out of 10 cancers (10%) may be linked to diet and over half of these are caused by eating less than 5 portions of fruit and vegetables a day.
  • Diets rich in saturated fats, red meat and salt and poor in fiber are associated with increased risk of cancer. The people who eat more of red and processed meats are more likely to develop stomach and bowel cancers .
  • The way we cook might also increases our cancer risk. Chemicals are released when we cook food at high temperatures which can damage body cells putting them at risk to become cancerous.
  • Some studies have shown that the calcium in milk reduces the bowel cancer risk while others have linked high intake of dairy proteins with prostate cancer.
  • Most additives, colors, flavors and sweeteners have not been found to increase the risk of cancers.
  • Alcohol and pickled food consumption have been shown as independent risk factors for stomach cancers. Alcohol can increase the risk for a number of cancers including that of liver, mouth, bowel, throat, food pipe and breast.
  • Other Indian foods associated with cancer risk are high rice intake, spicy food, excess chilly consumption, use of soda and consumption of dried salted fish.

Foods That Reduce Cancer Risk

  • Carrot
  • Turmeric
  • Grapes
  • Citrus Fruit Juice
  • Green Tea
  • Garlic
  • Onion
  • Spinach
  • Tomato
  • Soybean
  • Cruciferous Vegetables

Foods That Reduce Cancer Risk

  • Eat whole grain bread and cereals.
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  • Avoid refined food products.
  • Eat foods low in calorie and fat.
  • Limit eating high calorie baked foods (cakes, cookies, doughnuts). Read about high calorie foods.
  • Avoid eating deep fried foods (samosa, kachori, puri).

Healthy Habits

Avoid Tobacco:

Various types of cancer have been linked to tobacco, especially cancers of the bladder, lung, cervix and kidney. Cancer of the oral cavity and pancreas has been linked to chewing tobacco, in fact. Exposure to secondhand smoke would highly increase the risk of lung cancer. Avoiding tobacco is the most important step in cancer prevention.

Physical Activity

Cancers of the breast, prostate, colon, kidney and lung may be prevented by maintaining a healthy weight. Increased physical activity would also help the same.

Maintain a Healthy Diet

Plenty of fruits and vegetables are recommended. Fatty foods must be limited, since high fat diets tend to be higher in calories and would increase the risk of obesity. Alcohol should be minimized or even avoided to escape from cancer.

Get sun protection:

Skin cancer is caused by continuous exposure to the sunlight. The best way to prevent this is to avoid the midday sun and to stay in shade.

Immunization

Immunization from viral infectious promotes cancer prevention. Immunization against Hepatitis B (which causes liver cancer) and Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) which could lead to cervical cancer is recommended.

Avoid Risky Behaviors:

Limiting on the number of sexual partners and safe sex ensures avoidance of sexually transmitted infections such as HIV or HPV. People with HIV are prone to a cancer of the anus, cervix, lung or immune system. Sharing needles with an infected drug user can also lead to HIV as well as Hepatitis B and C which increases the risk of liver cancer.

Regular Self Examination:

Self exams and professional screenings for various cancers can increase the chances of discovering cancer early.